Skip to Main Content

How to Cite

your sources using different styles.


In this brief guide, Name-Year format is shown. Additional examples for formatting types of information not listed here may be found in the References Chapter, on pp. 547-649 of the manual by the Counsel of Scientific Editors (CSE).


Voet D, Voet JG. 2013. Biochemistry. New York (NY): J Wiley.


Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. 2016. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 14th ed. New York (NY): Pergamon.

Chapter with different authors

Kuret JA, Murad F. 2016. Adenohypophyseal hormones and related substances. In: Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 14th ed. New York (NY): Pergamon. p. 1334-60.



Conference Proceeding

Lee DJ, Bates D. c2013. An imaging system correlating lip shapes with tongue contact patterns for speech pathology research. In: Krol M, Mitra S, Lee DJ, editors. CBMS 2003. Proceedings of the 26th IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems; New York. Los Alamitos (CA): IEEE Computer Society. p. 307-313.



Modi N. 2013. Hepatic steatosis and TNF-alpha signaling [dissertation].[Waterloo (ON)]: University of Waterloo.




Griffiths AJF. 2013. Introduction to genetic analysis. 10th ed. New York (NY): W. H. Freeman; [accessed 2014 November 16]. Available from:



Journal Articles

Article with anonymous author

Epidemiology for primary healthcare. 2012. Int J Epidemiol 5:224-5.


Article with volume and issue number

Eliel EL. 2013. The natural history of tardive dyskinesia. J Clin Pharmacol. 63(3):8-13.

Online journal article

Savage E., Ramsay M, White J, Beard S. 2014. Mumps out-breaks across England and Wales in 2013. BMJ. [accessed 2014 Nov 11];330(7):1119-1120. Available from: doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7500.119.

Smith A. 2011. The corepressor Alien as a novel tumor suppressor. Horm Mol Biol Clin Invest [accessed 2014 Nov 11];5(1):11-15. Available from: doi:10.1515/HMBCI.2010.074.


      Online journal article from a database

Skinner S. 2005. Evolution or intelligent design: the menu model of elementary science instruction. Sci Edu. 32(2) 1975-2008. In Science Direct [database]. NY: Science Direct Publishing; 2005. [Cited 2016 May 4]. 33p. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect/scienceeducator/32/2/skinner ; doi: 10.101/329076.


Organization as author

[SSCCCP] Scandinavian Society for Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Physiology, Committee on Enzymes. 2012. Recommended method for the determination of y-glutamyltransferase in blood. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 76:119-25.



Magazine Articles

Misteli T. 2011 Mar. The inner life of the genome. Sci Am 304: 66-73.


Newspaper Articles

Weiss R. 2013 Apr 11. Study shows problems in cloning people: researchers find replicating primates will be harder than other mammals. Washington Post (Home Ed.). Sect. A12 (col. 1).




APSNet: plant pathology online [Internet]. [Updated 2016 May 10]. American Phytopathological Association; [cited 2016 Nov 11]. Available from: