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How to Cite

your sources using different styles.


CSE Citation Tools

Citation tools automate formatting references.

There are several citation tools that work with CSE:

If you do use these tools, be sure to review your results carefully.

You are responsible for the accuracy of your paper's citations.  

Always refer to the CSE Manual for definitive information.

Image source: Brizzo22. GFDL. Wikimedia Commons.

Article Using CSE


In this brief guide, Name-Year format is shown. Additional examples for formatting types of information not listed here may be found in the References Chapter, on pp. 547-649 of the manual by the Counsel of Scientific Editors (CSE).


Voet D, Voet JG. 2013. Biochemistry. New York (NY): J Wiley.


Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. 2016. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 14th ed. New York (NY): Pergamon.

Chapter with different authors

Kuret JA, Murad F. 2016. Adenohypophyseal hormones and related substances. In: Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 14th ed. New York (NY): Pergamon. p. 1334-60.



Conference Proceeding

Lee DJ, Bates D. c2013. An imaging system correlating lip shapes with tongue contact patterns for speech pathology research. In: Krol M, Mitra S, Lee DJ, editors. CBMS 2003. Proceedings of the 26th IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems; New York. Los Alamitos (CA): IEEE Computer Society. p. 307-313.



Modi N. 2013. Hepatic steatosis and TNF-alpha signaling [dissertation].[Waterloo (ON)]: University of Waterloo.




Griffiths AJF. 2013. Introduction to genetic analysis. 10th ed. New York (NY): W. H. Freeman; [accessed 2014 November 16]. Available from:



Journal Articles

Article with anonymous author

Epidemiology for primary healthcare. 2012. Int J Epidemiol 5:224-5.


Article with volume and issue number

Eliel EL. 2013. The natural history of tardive dyskinesia. J Clin Pharmacol. 63(3):8-13.

Online journal article

Savage E., Ramsay M, White J, Beard S. 2014. Mumps out-breaks across England and Wales in 2013. BMJ. [accessed 2014 Nov 11];330(7):1119-1120. Available from: doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7500.119.

Smith A. 2011. The corepressor Alien as a novel tumor suppressor. Horm Mol Biol Clin Invest [accessed 2014 Nov 11];5(1):11-15. Available from: doi:10.1515/HMBCI.2010.074.


      Online journal article from a database

Skinner S. 2005. Evolution or intelligent design: the menu model of elementary science instruction. Sci Edu. 32(2) 1975-2008. In Science Direct [database]. NY: Science Direct Publishing; 2005. [Cited 2016 May 4]. 33p. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect/scienceeducator/32/2/skinner ; doi: 10.101/329076.


Organization as author

[SSCCCP] Scandinavian Society for Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Physiology, Committee on Enzymes. 2012. Recommended method for the determination of y-glutamyltransferase in blood. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 76:119-25.



Magazine Articles

Misteli T. 2011 Mar. The inner life of the genome. Sci Am 304: 66-73.


Newspaper Articles

Weiss R. 2013 Apr 11. Study shows problems in cloning people: researchers find replicating primates will be harder than other mammals. Washington Post (Home Ed.). Sect. A12 (col. 1).




APSNet: plant pathology online [Internet]. [Updated 2016 May 10]. American Phytopathological Association; [cited 2016 Nov 11]. Available from: