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How to Cite

your sources using different styles.


ASA Citation Tools

Citation tools automate formatting references.

Citation tools that work with ASA:

If you do use these tools, be sure to review your results carefully.

You are responsible for the accuracy of your paper's citations. 

Always refer to the American Sociological Association Style Guide for definitive information.

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Article Using ASA




Nathan, Peter E. and Raymond S. Niaura. 2015. "Prevention of Alcohol Problems." Pp. 333-354 in Treatment and Prevention of Alcohol Problems: A Resource Manual, edited by W.M. Cox. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, Inc.


No Author

Manual of Style. 2010. 16th ed. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.



Bursik, Robert J. 2016. Neighborhoods and Crime: The Dimensions of Effective Community Control. New York: Lexington Books.



Valencia, Albert. 2012. "An Examination of Selected Characteristics of Mexican-American Battered Women and Implications for Service Providers." Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Education, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Database, 304956178.



Butler, Ian and Gwenda Roberts. 2011. Social Work with Children and Families: Getting into Practice A Critical Appraisal. New York: Kingsley. Retrieved September 14, 2016 (https:/


Journal Articles

Full text from a library database

Robinson, Eagle H. 2015. "Infringing Sovereignty: Should Federal Courts Protect Patents and Copyrights from Tribal Infringement?" American Indian Law Review 32(1):233-256. Retrieved June 10, 2017 (



Exum, William H., Robert J. Menges, Bari Watkins, and Patricia Berglund. 2013. "Making It at the Top: Women and Minority Faculty in the Academic Labor Market." American Behavioral Scientist 27(3):301-324.


Smith, Herman W. and Takako Nomi. 2014. "Is Amae the Key to Understanding Japanese Culture?" Electronic Journal of Sociology 5(1). Retrieved May 5, 2015 (

With DOI

Persell, Caroline Hodges, Hathryn M. Pfeiffer, and Ali Syed. 2012. “How Sociological Leaders Teach: Some Key Principles.” Teaching Sociology 36(2):108-24. doi:10.1177/0092055X0803600202.


Newspaper Articles

Full text from library database

Pollack, Andrew. 2016. "Drug Offers Safer Option." New York Times, June 5. Retrieved June 10, 2016  ( 1&Fmt=3&clientId=20608&RQT=309&VName=PQD).


Rimland, Bernard. 2011. "Do Children's Shots Invite Autism?" Los Angeles Times, April 26, pp. A13.



Cleary, Mike. 2009. "Vieques Protesters Removed Without Incident." Los Angeles Times, May 5. Retrieved June 16, 2009 (


Magazine Articles

Full text from a library database

Samuels, Allison. 2014. "Michelle Hits Her Stride.” Newsweek, February 15. Retrieved July 10, 2017 ( login.aspx?direct=true&db=bsh&AN=38808382&site=ehost-live).


Jana, Reena. 2010. "Generation Why?" Harper’s Magazine, June 2010, pp. 18-20.

Web Pages

American Sociological Association. 2009. "Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Workshop."
Washington, DC: American Sociological Association, Retrieved June 16, 2011 (