PICO helps you to break a clinical problem into important concepts and formulate a searchable question that can be answered with research.
1. Begin with a clinical problem:
Your patient is a child with cerebral palsy and dysarthria.
2. Express the problem using PICO:
|Problem or Population
Stronger muscles used in speech
3. Formulate the problem as a research question:
In a child with cerebral palsy and dysarthria, what types of speech therapy will lead to improved pronounciation and stronger speech muscles?
What are their most important characteristics?
Describe your patient specifically:
ALWAYS include this piece in your search.
What do you want to do for the patient?
Almost always include this piece in your search.
What is the alternate intervention, if any?
It is less common to include this piece in a search.
What are you hoping to achieve, measure, or change for the patient?
Sometimes include this piece in your search.