Exercise Science: Refine

Resources for exercise science.

Refine

Be prepared to be flexible with your research question or thesis.

If you find too much information, your topic/thesis may be too broad.  You will need to narrow or focus it.

If you are finding very little information, your topic/thesis may be too specific, narrow, specialized or current.  It may be difficult to find enough information to write your paper.  In this case, you will need to broaden your topic or thesis.

Narrow

Narrow Your Topic
Time

 

Modern time period vs. historical perspective

 

 

Location

 

Town, city, state, nation, country

 

Population

 

 Age, race, gender, nationality, ethnic group, occupation 
Event or Aspect

 

Focus on an event within your topic: shoulder injury prevention.  Or consider a particular aspect: historical, sociological, psychological

 

Person or Group

 

Related to your topic:  overhead athletes, middle-aged, football players, soccer players, adolescents

Broaden

Broaden Your Topic
Generalize    

 

Generalize your topic, or explore related topics or issues.  If your topic is the treatment of shoulder impingement syndrome in overhead athletes with Kinesio taping, consider expanding that slightly to explore the use of athletic tape in shoulder injuries.

 

 

Currency  

 

 

If your topic has just occurred, there won't be books or journal articles available just yet.  Choose an alternative topic that is not so recent.

 

 

Database Choice 

 

Use other databases in your subject area, or consider checking databases in a related subject area (which might cover the topic from a different perspective, for example, education or psychology).
Synonyms

 

Use a thesaurus to find synonyms for your topic. When reading background information, note how your topic is expressed in these materials. When you find citations in an article database, note the terms being used by experts in the field.

 

 

Related

 

Explore related issues--what are some of the other methods used for dealing with overhead athlete shoulder injuries?

 

Expand    Remove

 

Expand or remove: location, time period, aspect, event, population, person/group.

Examples

Too Broad:   Treatment of shoulder injuries.  Narrower:   Does the use of Kinesio taping effectively treat overhead athletic shoulder injuries?

 

Too Narrow: The use of Kinesio tape to treat overhead athletic shoulder injuries in tennis players.  Broader:  Does athletic taping help shoulder injuries in overhead athletes?