Athletic Training: Refine

Athletic training resources available from Bishop Library

Refine

Be prepared to be flexible with your research question or thesis.

If you find too much information, your topic/thesis may be too broad.  You will need to narrow or focus it.

If you are finding very little information, your topic/thesis may be too specific, narrow, specialized or current.  It may be difficult to find enough information to write your paper.  In this case, you will need to broaden your topic or thesis.

Narrow

Narrow Your Topic
Time

 

Latest five years

 

 

Location

 

Town, city, state, nation

 

Population

 

 Age, race, gender, nationality, ethnic group, occupation, particular sport 
Event or Aspect

 

Focus on an event within your topic: TBI prevention.  Or consider a particular aspect: historical, sociological, psychological.

 

Person or Group

 

Related to your topic:   football players, soccer players, adolescents, middle-aged

Broaden

Broaden Your Topic
Generalize

 

Generalize your topic, or explore related topics or issues.  If your topic is the treatment of TBI with endocannabinoids in Israel, consider expanding that slightly to explore the use of cannabinoids (CBD), cannibis, or marijuana in treating TBI.

 

 

Currency

 

 

If your topic has just occurred, there won't be books or journal articles available just yet.  Choose an alternative topic that is not so recent.

 

 

Database Choice

 

Use other databases in your subject area, or consider checking databases in a related subject area (which might cover the topic from a different perspective, for example, education or psychology).
Synonyms

 

Use a thesaurus to find synonyms for your topic. When reading background information, note how your topic is expressed in these materials. When you find citations in an article database, note the terms being used by experts in the field.

 

 

Related

 

Explore related issues.

 

Expand    Remove

 

Expand or remove: location, time period, aspect, event, population, person/group.

Examples

Too Broad:    Traumatic brain injury.  Narrower:   What can be done to prevent traumatic brain injury in the military?

 

Too Narrow: How does traumatic brain injury affect boxers in the long term?  Broader:  How does traumatic injury affect athletes in the long term?