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Inclusive Pedagogy | CETL

Facilitating diversity, equity, and inclusion in the classroom.


White Fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism

Discusses white fragility--a state in which even a minimum amount of racial stress becomes intolerable, triggering a range of defensive moves, including the outward display of anger, fear, and guilt, and behaviors such as argumentation, silence, and leaving the stress-inducing situation. 

Ebony and Ivy: Race, Slavery, and the Troubled History of America's Universities

Exposes the uncomfortable truths about race, slavery, and the American academy, revealing that leading universities, dependent on human bondage, became breeding grounds for the racist ideas that sustained it.

Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? And Other Conversations About Race

Presents strong evidence that straight talk about our racial identities (whatever they may be) is essential if we are serious about facilitating communication across racial and ethnic divides.

Me and White Supremacy: Combat Racism, Change the World, and Become a Good Ancestor

Challenges you to do the essential work of unpacking your biases. Helps white people take action and dismantle their privilege within themselves so that you can stop (often unconsciously) inflicting damage on people of color, and in turn, help other white people do better, too.

Between the World and Me

What is it like to inhabit a black body and find a way to live within it? And how can we all honestly reckon with this fraught history and free ourselves from its burden? Between the World and Me is Ta-Nehisi Coates’s attempt to answer these questions in a letter to his adolescent son.

Making Sense of Race in Education

How do educators confront the issue of race without fostering further alienation? This book addresses racial incidents directly and offers practical insights into how P-20 educators can transform these events alongside students and colleagues.

How to Be an Antiracist

Kendi weaves an electrifying combination of ethics, history, law, and science with his own personal story of awakening to antiracism. This is an essential work for anyone who wants to go beyond the awareness of racism to the next step: contributing to the formation of a just and equitable society.

Through the Fog: Towards Inclusive Anti-Racist Teaching

Offers instructors perspectives and reflections on engaging anti-racist inclusive practice. 

The Enigma of Diversity

What does diversity mean in contemporary America, and what are the effects of efforts to support it?

Ellen Berrey digs deep into those questions in. Drawing on six years of fieldwork and historical sources dating back to the 1950s and making extensive use of three case studies from widely varying arenas, Berrey explores the complicated, contradictory, and even troubling meanings and uses of diversity as it is invoked by different groups for different, often symbolic ends. In each case, diversity affirms inclusiveness, especially in the most coveted jobs and colleges, yet it resists fundamental change in the practices and cultures that are the foundation of social inequality. Berrey shows how this has led racial progress itself to be reimagined, transformed from a legal fight for fundamental rights to a celebration of the competitive advantages afforded by cultural differences.

Diversity's Promise for Higher Education

In Diversity's Promise for Higher Education, Smith brings together research from a wide variety of fields to propose a set of clear and realistic practices that will help colleges and universities locate diversity as a strategic imperative and pursue diversity efforts that are inclusive of the varied―and growing―issues apparent on campuses without losing focus on the critical unfinished business of the past.

Teaching with Tension

Teaching with Tension is a collection of seventeen original essays that address the extent to which attitudes about race, impacted by the current political moment in the United States, have produced pedagogical challenges for professors in the humanities. 

The Diversity Bargain: And Other Dilemmas of Race, Admissions, and Meritocracy at Elite Universities

Warikoo shows that many elite white students understand the value of diversity abstractly, but ignore the real problems that racial inequality causes. They stand in fear of being labeled a racist, but are quick to call foul should a diversity program hamper their own chances for advancement. The most troubling result of this ambivalence is what she calls the “diversity bargain,” in which white students reluctantly agree with affirmative action as long as it benefits them by providing a diverse learning environment—a selling point on a brochure. And as Warikoo shows, universities play a big part in creating these situations. The way universities talk about race on campus and the kinds of diversity programs offered have a huge impact on student attitudes, shaping students either toward ambivalence or toward more productive and considerate understandings of racial difference.


White Like Me

Streamed film.  Kanopy.  1 hour, 9 minutes. 2013.

Offers a fascinating look at race-based white entitlement programs that built the American middle class. Argues that our societal failure to come to terms with white privilege perpetuates racial inequality and race-driven political resentments.

Race: The Power of Illusion

Streamed film.  Kanopy. 2 hours, 52 minutes. 2003. Three episodes:  The Difference Between Us, The Story We Tell, The House We Live In.

Race has no biological foundation but still shapes life chances and opportunities.

What's Race Got to Do With It? Social Disparities and Student Success

Streamed film. AVON. 49 minutes. 2006.

Chronicles the experiences of a diverse group of college students as they probe and confront each other about such issues as underrepresentation, the limitations of multiculturalism, social equity, affirmative action, and their own responsibilities for making a difference.

See What I'm Saying

DVD.  Bishop Library.  DVD HV 2359 .S44 2011.  Upper Level. 

A powerful and rare glimpse into the lives of deaf artists.

Responding to Diversity (and Respecting Differences)

Streamed film. Kanopy. 28 minutes. Classrooms are training grounds for students to learn how to respond positively to diverse environments. Every day, they interact with people who look different, come from different places, and have different preferences. This program explores the many types of diversity and the perils of stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. We also discuss ways to express curiosity in others while respecting the differences that make every person interesting, unique and valuable.

I Am Not Your Negro

Streamed film.  1 hour 33 minutes.  Kanopy. An Oscar-nominated documentary narrated by Samuel L. Jackson, I AM NOT YOUR NEGRO explores the continued peril America faces from institutionalized racism.

In Full Bloom

Streamed Film.  1 hour, 29 minutes.  Kanopy.  "IN FULL BLOOM: TRANSCENDING GENDER" follows the courageous journey of thirteen transgender and two gay actors as they transform their lives through the use of monologue, dialogue and performance art while preparing for the world premiere of the original stage play, Lovely Bouquet of Flowers: An Exploration of Non-Traditional Gender Voices. 

Classroom Activities | Techniques

The following links point to articles that are found in a publication by Magna Press, entitled Diversity and Inclusion in the College Classroom.  This publication is a collection of articles by faculty tackling tricky challenges in creating an inclusive and respectful classrooms.   A request for permission to load PDF copies resulted in Tierney King creating direct links on these articles.  We are grateful for her willingness to do this.

How were these resources selected?

Invisible Knapsack

Image source: OpenClipart. Public domain.

Research Articles

Denson, N., Bowman, N. A., Ovenden, G., Culver, K. C., & Holmes, J. M. (2021). Do diversity courses improve college student outcomes? A meta-analysis. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 14(4), 544–556. 

Within an analytic sample of 355 effect sizes, from 73 publications, and 47 distinct samples representing 116,092 undergraduate students the results indicate an overall small positive association between coursework and various outcomes.


Jaekel, K. (2017). Engaging in inclusion: Cultivating LGBTQ students' sense of belonging through a critical place-based curriculum. International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 8(1), 129-148. 

The purpose of this article is to detail how the inclusion of LGBTQ students and topics was achieved in a first-year writing course using a critical place-based curriculum. While most place-based curricula do not take into account LGBTQ students and unique lived experiences on campus, this article details how conversations and assignments were altered to take into consideration issues of power and privilege on campus. Implications suggest the need for adoption of critical pedagogical practices in the composition classroom.

How Were These Resources Selected?

When searching for classroom activity resources, multiple searches within databases were used.  For classroom activities/techniques resources, authors who were teaching faculty members and who had used the techniques they were promoting successfully was the highest consideration in selection.  A focus, too, was upon highly respected authors whose works are considered landmark (D. W. Sue's chapter providing guidance on successful race conversations).

When searching for research articles, an emphasis was placed on the highest levels of evidence--meta-analyses or systematic reviews.  MAs and SRs take multiple randomized controlled trials, synthesis the results, and draw a conclusion.  They are the highest level of evidence regarding the efficacy of an intervention or treatment.

For books and movies, an emphasis was placed upon holdings by Bishop Library, since Bishop's librarians select resources rated by professional literature reviews to be of the highest quality.

See something that I missed?  Want to suggest a resource that has worked for you?  Email