"...[one] should first sketch its general outline and then fill in the episodes and amplify it in detail."
Image source: School of Athens. Plato and Aristotle. Public domain. Wikimedia Commons.
"A philosophy paper presents a reasoned defense of some thesis. So a philosophy paper typically does at least one of the following:
Source: Bumpus, Ann. Writing the Philosophy Paper. Dartmouth University. 2004.