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HIS 250 | Historian's Craft | Slavery in PA & the Americas

Professor Michael Schroeder.

Where Should I Begin?

Good background information may be found in reference sources, like Credo Reference

Reference sources (dictionaries, encyclopedias, manuals, guides) provide the following types of information on virtually any topic:

  • Reliable background information;
  • Articles written by subject experts;
  • Dates, timelines, events, people, definitions related to your topic;
  • Statistics;
  • A list of further readings, normally found at the end of encyclopedia articles.  Use these references as springboards for further research.

Find additional reference sources by searching Bishop Library's Catalog.  Run your search. Off to the left, choose location MAIN LEVEL.

Image Source:  Advertisement for slave sale.  New Orleans, May 13, 1835.  New York Historical Society #46628, as shown on, compiled by Jeromy Handler and Michael Tuite and sponsored by the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and the University of Virginia Library.


Print subject encyclopedias available in Bishop Library.