Data Resources: Natural / Physical Sciences

Information on how to find, use, and cite numeric data resources or data sets.

Natural / Physical Sciences

Websites listed below contain natural / physical science data. 

This list is not meant to be exhaustive; it lists the more commonly used and useful sites. 

 

 

Agriculture

  • Economic Research Service - U.S. Department of Agriculture focuses on the economic aspects of food, farming, natural resources and rural America.
  • National Agricultural Statistics Service - Data covering virtually every facet of U.S. agriculture -- production and supplies of food and fiber, prices paid and received by farmers, farm labor and wages, farm aspects of the industry.
  • Production, Supply and Distribution Online - This database contains current and historical official USDA data on production, supply and distribution of agricultural commodities for the United States and key producing and consuming countries.

 

Atmosphere

  • Australian Bureau of Meteorology - The Australian climate computer archive holds data from around 18,000 sites, both open and closed, including about 7,000 rainfall sites which are 'open' and reporting and about 2,000 open sites reporting other climate data, such as temperature, wind, evaporation and more.
  • NCEI Climate Data - NCEI is the world’s largest provider of weather and climate data. Land-based, marine, model, radar, weather balloon, satellite, and paleoclimatic are just a few of the types of datasets available.

 

Climate

  • NCEI Climate Data - NCEI is the world’s largest provider of weather and climate data. Land-based, marine, model, radar, weather balloon, satellite, and paleoclimatic are just a few of the types of datasets available.

 

Data Archive

  • NASA's EOS - Distributes thousands of Earth system science data products and associated services for interdisciplinary studies.
  • British Geological Survey - BGS is a data-rich organisation with over 400 datasets in its care; including environmental monitoring data, digital databases, physical collections (borehole core, rocks, minerals and fossils), records and archives.
  • NASA Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) - Search for data by topic: agriculture, climate, oceans, sun/earth, atmosphere, cryosphere, paleoclimate, terrestrial hydrosphere, biosphere, human dimensions, solid earth, biological classifications, land surface, spectral engineering.

 

Environment

  • Australian Spatial Data Directory - Searches natural resource data that are available for download from the Australian Natural Resources Data Library, geographic data, hydrographic data, and spatial data.
  • EPA Data Finder - Search for data  from the Environmental Protection Agency.

 

 

Water

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center - NSIDC offers hundreds of scientific data sets for research, focusing on the cryosphere and its interactions. Data are from satellites and field observations. All data are free of charge.
  • Ocean Data Viewer - The purpose of this Ocean Data Viewer is to provide an overview and access to a range of data, and relevant conventions, which are available to help inform decisions that are important for the conservation of marine and coastal biodiversity.

Image source: Breiðamerkurjökull, part of Vatnajökull near Jökulsárlón, Iceland. Andreas Tille.  GNU Free.  Wikimedia Commons.