Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: Patents

Guide to biochemistry and molecular biology information resources.

Patents

Patents, which grant intellectual property rights to inventors, are rich sources of technical and research data. 

Much of this data is never published or disclosed anywhere else. 

Image: O. H. 8 W. M. Jewell, Inventors.  Chemical Feeder.  1889.   Google Patents.

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Types

There are four types of patents:

"Utility Patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or compositions of matters, or any new useful improvement thereof;

    Design Patents may be granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture;

      Plant Patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plants" Source: US Patent and Trademark Office;

        Reissue Patents are granted if there is a substantial error or errors in the original patent.